Upaya Dinas Koperasi, Usaha Mikro, Dan Perdagangan (Diskumdag) Kota Batu Dalam Memberdayakan Pelaku Usaha Kecil Menengah (UKM) Produk Tujuan Eksport

Authors

  • Ruth Agnesia Sembiring Universitas Brawijaya
  • Tia Subekti Universitas Brawijaya
  • Mitha Mawar Nia Bella Universitas Brawijaya

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36636/jogiv.v2i2.384

Keywords:

Indonesia

Abstract

Abstract

Small and Medium Enterprises are an important pillar in supporting the economy of the middle to lower class communities. Every region in Indonesia has SMEs but only a few are able to have export quality. Local products that are presented in the form of SMEs are often unable to compete with products from large-scale industries or even unable to compete with imported products. This is a threat to the economic continuity of the middle to lower class communities considering that today's global market opportunities are difficult to stem the flow of imports from other countries. One of the efforts that can be used to maintain SMEs is to improve the quality of SMEs with export standards. Batu City has 365 UKMs spread over 3 districts. This condition shows how UKM has become the economic support for the people of Batu. This research looks at "How are the efforts of the Office of Cooperatives, Micro Enterprises and Trade (Diskumdag) of Batu City in Empowering Small and Medium Enterprises (UKM) for Export Destination Products?" This research uses an interview, observation, and documentation methods. The theory used in this research is development theory with self-help and technocratic approaches and also the concept of community empowerment. As a result, first, the Batu City Government carried out the development of SMEs with a technocratic approach through the KITE IKM (Ease of Imports for Small and Medium Industry Export Destination) program. The technocratic approach is vertical and positions the government as a consultant. Second, the government provides training, mentoring, and facilities. However, out of a total of 365 SMEs, can export. Third, the main obstacle faced is that export quality standards have not been met.

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References

Hikmat, Harry. 2010. Strategi Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Bandung: Humaniora Utama Press.
Usman, Sunyoto. 1998. Pembangunan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
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Soetomo. 2006. Strategi-Strategi Pembangunan Masyarakat. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Suhaimi, Ahmad. 2012. Pengembangan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (Konsep Pembangunan Partisipatif Wilayah Pinggiran dan Desa. Yogyakarta: Deepublish.

Dokumen:
Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2008 tentang Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah (UMKM)
Peraturan Menteri Keuangan Nomor 177/PMK.04/2016 tentang Kemudahan Impor Tujuan Ekspor (KITE) IKM.
Database Pelaku Usaha dan Potensi Ekspor Impor 2017/2-2018 pada Dinas Koperasi, Usaha Mikro, dan Perdagangan Kota Batu.

Website:
Supriyanto, Helmi. “Ajak Ratusan Pelaku UKM di Kota Batu Ekspor Produk,” http://Harianbhirawa.Com/2017/08/Ajak-Ratusan-Pelaku-Ukm-Kota-Batu-Ekspor-Produk/Surya Malang, “Kerajinan Khas Kota Batu.”
Undang-Undang RI No. 9 Tahun 1995, Bab II, Pasal 4 tentang Usaha Kecil. http://hukum.unsrat.ac.id/uu/uu_9_1995.pdf.
Undang-Undang RI No. 9 Tahun 1995, Bab VI, Pasal 6, Ayat 1 tentang Iklim Usaha. http://hukum.unsrat.ac.id/uu/uu_9_1995.pdf.
Peraturan Pemerintah RI No. 44 Tahun 1997 tentang Kemitraan. htttp://bpkp.go.id/uu.



Wawancara:
Wawancara dengan Bapak Sangsoko selaku pengurus Program KITE di Diskumdag Kota Batu pada tanggal 25 Juni 2019.
Wawancara dengan Bapak Gama selaku pengurus Program KITE di Diskumdag Kota Batu pada tanggal 25 Juni 2019.
Wawancara dengan Bu Luki selaku Pelaku UKM Tanaman Bungan Snderson di Kecamatan Bumiaji Batu pada tanggal 25 Juni 2019.
Wawancara dengan Pelaku UKM Minuman Sari Buah Apel di Kecamatan Batu pada tanggal 25 Juni 2019.
Wawancara dengan Bu Tunik selaku Pelaku UKM Kerajinan di Kecamatan Junrejo pada tanggal 25 Juni 2019.

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Published

2020-09-11

How to Cite

Sembiring, R. A., Subekti, T., & Nia Bella, M. M. (2020). Upaya Dinas Koperasi, Usaha Mikro, Dan Perdagangan (Diskumdag) Kota Batu Dalam Memberdayakan Pelaku Usaha Kecil Menengah (UKM) Produk Tujuan Eksport. Journal of Governance Innovation, 2(2), 83-92. https://doi.org/10.36636/jogiv.v2i2.384