Kebebasan Beragama dan Berkeyakinan di Indonesia dalam Kacamata Kebijakan Publik
Keywords:Fredoom of Religion, Belief, Public Policy
Freedom of religion and belief (KBB) globally has been declared in the Universal Human Right Declaration (UDHR). In Indonesia, the concept of freedom of religion and belief has long been included in the policy as the management of religion and belief in Indonesia. This KBB is understood as a set of norms derived from international law adopted by countries. In Indonesia since entering the reform era after the collapse of the new order has a fairly high commitment to human rights and KBB. This happens because the flow of democracy is large enough to create a variety of policies regarding the management of freedom of religion and belief. But on the other hand because this policy is only fully adopted without considering the context of Indonesia, it gave birth to two policy blades. Some are very radical in defending freedom of religion and belief, but on the other side there are restrictions regarding the concept of this KBB because it follows the values of the dominant religion. So this paper is here to analyze the substance of public policy. Because KBB rules are managed by policies in a democratic Indonesian state. This paper aims to analyze the process of making KBB included in public policy in Indonesia and critique the KBB concept that applies in Indonesia. In addition, this paper tries to find alternative formulations by using the Democratic model and the Deliberative Model which emphasizes that freedom of religion and belief are the right of life of citizens and are guaranteed by the state through its policies
Budi F. Hardiman, (2009). Demokrasi Deliberatif Menimbang Negara Hukum dan Ruang Publik dalam Teori Diskursus jurgen Habermas. Jogjakarta: Kanisius,
Frank Fischer dkk, (2015), Handbook Analisis Kebijakan Publik. Teori Politik dan Metode. Bandung.Nusamedia.
Freedom House, “Freedom in the World: Indonesia 2015,” Freedom House, 2015, http://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/indonesia (Di akses pada kamis 16 Januari 2020s
Gabiel Lele (2016), Pengelolaan Konflik dalam Kebijakan Publik, dalam Agustinus Subarsono (Editor), Kebijakan Publik dan Pemerintahan Kolaboratif (2016), 1-23 Jogjakarta:Gavamedia
Graaf dkk, (2014) Administration and Society America, Coping with Public value conflicts.
Ismatur Ropi, (2017), Religion and Regulation in Indonesia Singapore:Palgrave Macmillan.
Rizal Panggabean dan Ihsan Ali-Fauzi, 2015, Merawat Kebersamaan Polisi, Kebebasan Beragama dan Perdamaian Jakarta: Pusat Studi Agama dan Demokrasi. Yayasan Paramadina
Ryant Nugroho, (2010) Public Policy Jakarta.Elex Media Komputindo.
_____________,(2013) Metode Penelitian Kebijakan.Jogjakarta:Pustaka Pelajar
______________, (2018), Membangun Kebijkan Unggul di Era Demokrasi, Jurnal Academia Praja Volume 1 nomor 2. 18 Agustus
Irfan Setia Permana, 2018 Pemerintah dan Hak Beragama di Indonesia (Peran Pemerintah Dalam Memelihara Hak Beragama Di Indonesia), Jurnal TEDC Vol. 1 2 No. 2.
Cherian George. 2017, Pelintiran kebencian Rekayasa Ketersinggungan Agama dan Ancamannya bagi Demokrasi. (Jakarta. Pusat Studi Agama dan Demokrasi. Yayasan Wakaf Paramadina .
Syamsul Arifin, (2015), Jurnal Diskursus Islam dan Hak Asasi Manusia di Indonesia Perspektif Kebebasan Beragama/Berkeyakinan Malang: Universitas
Muhammadiyah. Zainal Abidin Bagir dkk, (2017) , Kebebasan Toleransi dan Terorisme. Jakarta: Pusat Studi Agama dan Demokrasi. Yayasan Wakaf Paramadina.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Rohit Mahatir Manese
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The author who wishes to publish articles in this journal agree with the following conditions:
- Author retains the copyright and simultaneously provides the journal the first publishing rights of the manuscript under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an initial job writing and publishing statement in this journal.
- The author can include in separate additional contractual arrangements for the rich version of non-exclusive distribution of journal publications (eg posting it to the institutional repository or publishing it in a book), with recognition of publishing initially in this journal.
- The author is permitted and encouraged to post their work online (for example: in the institutional repository or on their website) before and during the submission process because it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and more powerful citations of published works. (See open access policy).