GUARDING PEACE: Interreligious Peace from Ambon Muslim Ex-Combatant 1999 Perspective
Ambon, which was trapped within a mass and 4-years conflict 17 years ago, is now struggling to reestablish its peace. This writing is based on 2015 research which focused on the reality of ex-combatants everyday life in 1999, in the sense of harmonious life together. This study which was conducted in BatuMerah village, Ambon city, adopting qualitative approach with phenomenology of the social-world theoretical frame from Alfred Shutz. The result showed that the peace practiced by Muslim Ambon ex-combatants was the sort of "guarding peace". The opposite of some principles of "positive relations" in the theory of positive peace of Johan Galtung, the muslim ex-combatants were able to be open to "the-others" (non-moslem), despite their anxiety and caution toward the present situation. They are willing to work together eventhough the injustice and gap were still quite obvious upon the surface. They are able to friendly with his “old enemy", but reluctant to forget their past. The peace conduct displayed, were with some "guarding" ways - both verbal and non-verbal contacts were performed mannerly for the love of harmony. Ex-combatant Muslims reject all false promises, all work of peace which only benefits certain groups, and all religious pluralism attitudes that ignore the uniqueness of each religion. Peaceful relations they expect supposed to appear on the originality of everyday life, away from the artificiality and pretense. These attitudes were and continue their getting up, with a great hope for peace alive, without interruptiontheir faith, without intervention of their rights.