The Qur’anic Notion of Peace and War and Its Contextualization In Contemporary Era
This paper is on the relation with the idea of peace and war, as narrated in the Qur'an through the verses revealed since many centuries ago. Historically speaking that the Qur’an took place in a social context of significant diversity. According to the Qur'an, all Muslims are brothers and sisters to each other and if a disagreement appears among them they make peace and correct it (Qur'an, 49:10). A number of important verses in the Qur’an reflect this diversity and encourage Islamic believers to seek peaceful coexistence with those of other faiths, especially those designated as “people of the Book,” specifically Christians, Jews and Sabeans. The modern era has accelerated the intensity and pace of interaction among believers in different religious traditions. However, intense awareness of and interaction with other faiths has been present in the Islamic tradition from its inception and are not characteristics unique to the modern era. The Qur’an originated in the multicultural milieu of seventh century Arabia, and thus addressed topics such as freedom of conscience, rights of minorities, human rights, and religious pluralism—all issues with which a multifaith community is bound to encounter and grapple with. In the later classical period of Islamic history, the exegesis of Islamic jurists markedly deemphasized peaceful coexistence in favor of interpretations encouraging conquest and religious uniformity. Although the classical jurists have exercised enormous interpretive authority in subsequent Islamic history, their authority was never understood to be absolute or equal to the authority of the Qur’an itself. It is the challenge for Muslims in contemporary times to recover the authority of Qur’anic verses encouraging peaceful coexistence and respect for human diversity, not merely as a social strategy, but as an integral devotional aspect of better understanding the God who transcends all human understanding.
Keywords : Peaceful coexistance, Qur’an, Islam, Contextuallization, Jihad.