The Qurâ€™anic Notion of Peace and War and Its Contextualization In Contemporary Era
This paper is on the relation with the idea of peace and war, as narrated in the Qur'an through the verses revealed since many centuries ago. Historically speakingÂ thatÂ theÂ Qurâ€™anÂ tookÂ placeÂ inÂ a social context of significant diversity.Â AccordingÂ to the Qur'an, all Muslims are brothers and sistersÂ Â to each other and if a disagreement appears among them they make peace and correct it (Qur'an, 49:10). A number of important verses in the Qurâ€™an reflectÂ Â Â this diversityÂ Â andÂ Â encourage Islamic Â believers to seekÂ Â peacefulÂ Â coexistenceÂ withÂ thoseÂ ofÂ otherÂ faiths,Â especiallyÂ thoseÂ designatedÂ asÂ â€œpeopleÂ ofÂ theÂ Book,â€Â specificallyÂ Christians,Â JewsÂ andÂ Sabeans.Â The modern era has accelerated the intensity and pace of interaction among believers in different religious traditions. However,Â intense awareness of and interaction with other faiths has been present in the Islamic tradition from its inception and are not characteristics unique to the modern era. The Qurâ€™an originated inÂ the multicultural milieu of seventh century Arabia, and thus addressed topicsÂ such asÂ freedom ofÂ conscience, rights ofÂ minorities, human rights, and religious pluralismâ€”all issues with which a multifaith community is bound to encounter and grapple with. In the later classical period of Islamic history, the exegesis of Islamic jurists markedly deemphasized peaceful coexistence in favor of interpretationsÂ Â encouragingÂ Â conquestÂ Â andÂ Â religiousÂ Â uniformity. Although the classical jurists have exercised enormous interpretive authority inÂ Â subsequent Islamic history,Â Â theirÂ Â authorityÂ Â wasÂ Â neverÂ Â understoodÂ Â to be absolute or equal to the authority of the Qurâ€™an itself. It is the challenge forÂ MuslimsÂ Â inÂ Â contemporaryÂ timesÂ toÂ recoverÂ theÂ authorityÂ ofÂ Qurâ€™anicÂ versesÂ encouraging peaceful coexistence and respect for human diversity, not merelyÂ asÂ Â Â aÂ social Â Â strategy,Â but as an integral devotional aspect ofÂ Â betterÂ understanding the God who transcends all human understanding.
Keywords : Peaceful coexistance, Qurâ€™an, Islam, Contextuallization, Jihad.